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Civilian Conservation Corps Alumni web site

Civilian Conservation Corps History (1) (2)

My CCC Experiences

Memory Lane

Robert's Memoirs
Stories as told by my Father (1) (2)

Stories as told by my Mother

My personal memories
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)
(7) (8) (9)

My childhood memories
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5)

Lettie's Memoirs

Photo Gallery
Strawn Photo Gallery

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icon_tree5.gif (267 bytes)     While the CCC was officially disbanded in 1942, the concept lived on in the nation's heart and mind. It was revived in 1957, when the Student Conservation Association (SCA) placed its first college students as volunteers in national parks and forests. Just over a decade later the late Senator Henry M. "Scoop" Jackson used the SCA model as the basis for legislation that created the Youth Conservation Corps -- the YCC. At its height during the mid-1970's the YCC was funded at the level of $60 million and enrolled some 32,000 young people each summer in programs operated by the Departments of Interior and Agriculture and by states as well. YCC participants worked in both cities and wilderness areas across the country, performing a variety of conservation projects, including tree-planting, river clean-up and erosion control.

icon_tree1.gif (182 bytes)    Late in the '70s, an even larger federal program was launched -- the Young Adult Conservation Corps -- the YACC -- which provided young people with year-round conservation-related employment and education opportunities. With an annual appropriation of $260 million, the YACC operated at both the federal and state levels.

icon_tree2.gif (199 bytes)     Both the YCC and the YACC were virtually eliminated in 1981 due to dramatic federal budget reductions. By that time, however, the value of youth conservation corps had been proven and many states had already begun to support these programs directly. California was the first. Then Governor Jerry Brown launched the California Conservation Corps in 1975. Other states, including Minnesota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Washington and Wisconsin promptly followed suit. Throughout the 1980s, states continued to launch corps.

icon_tree3.gif (233 bytes)     In 1983 the emerging youth corps movement took a new twist with the birth of the first local corps programs. Once again California took the lead with the start-up of urban conservation corps in San Francisco, Marin County and Oakland (East Bay) and seven more in subsequent years. The California urban corps were strengthened by passage of the California Bottle Act in 1985 which earmarked funding for local corps recycling projects.

icon_tree4.gif (185 bytes)     In 1984, New York City established the City Volunteer corps and added a new dimension to the youth corps field by engaging young people in the delivery of human services as well as conservation work. During the mid-1980s, despite the lack of federal support, new state and local corps continued to spring up across the country.

icon_tree5.gif (267 bytes)     Late in the 1980's, with support from several large foundations (Ford, Kellogg, Hewlett, Mott, Rockefeller, and the DeWitt Wallace-Reader's Digest Fund, among others), Public/Private Ventures (P/PV) and NASCC launched a national demonstration to create and evaluate the outcomes of urban corps in 10 cities across the country. The first of these new corps -- which all follow a prescribed model -- became operational in the fall of 1990 and the most recent came on line in September, 1991.

icon_tree1.gif (182 bytes)     In 1992, the youth corps movement saw the first targeted federal funding in more than a decade, when the Commission on National and Community Service awarded $22.5 million in grants to 23 states, the District of Columbia, the Los Angeles Conservation Corps and 5 Indian tribes. These funds became available under the American Conservation and Youth Service Corps Act, included as Subtitle C of the National and Community Service Act of 1990 (NCSA). While not all established corps benefited directly from these funds, the number of corps programs almost doubled -- to just over 100 -- as a result of the new federal money.

icon_tree2.gif (199 bytes)     In 1993 Congress enacted and President Clinton signed The National and Community Service Trust Act, which expanded federal support for state and local community service programs and established post-service educational benefits for participants through the AmeriCorps Program. During the first year of AmeriCorps, 50 youth corps competed successfully for grants through statewide population-based and competitive processes as well as through a national direct application process.

icon_tree3.gif (233 bytes)     In 1995 120 youth corps are operating in 38 states and the District of Columbia serving 26,000 young people annually, including approximately 2,500 AmeriCorps participants.


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Use the links below or above and to the left to navigate the pages of this website

Photo Gallery
Strawn Photo Gallery
          Robert's Memoirs          

Stories as told by my:   Father (1) (2)   Mother
Civilian Conservation Corps History: (1) (2)
Memories from my childhood: (1) (2) (3) (4) (5)
Personal memories of my life: (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)


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